(256) 533-1213
sales@lewisandsonroofing-hsv.com




Lewis and Son Roofing features and installs quality roofing materials supplied by GAF Materials Corporation.

GAF is North America’s largest manufacturer of residential and commercial roofing products.
  .  .  .  approaching $3 billion in annual sales!
 
GAF is your best and safest choice!  Here's Why  .  .  .

  • Professional installers have long preferred the rugged, dependable performance that only a GAF roof can offer, and have made our Advanced Protection™ shingles the #1 brand in North America!
  • Inventors of the Timberline® Advanced Protection™ shingle — the #1-selling shingle in North America
  • Rated #1 in shingle quality by contractors and home builders (2009 Hanley-Wood study)
  • Named #1 in innovation for shingles by home builders (Home Improvement Executive study, October 2009)
  • First to pass ASTM D3161 Class F (110 mph) and ASTM D7158 Class H (150 mph) wind ratings on every manufactured shingle (per UL public listing)
  • First to produce an energy-efficient asphalt shingle available in rich colors, called the Cool Color Series (now called Timberline® Cool Series)
  • Winner of the Builder’s Choice Award
  • Premium Designer Shingles have twice received the Architects Choice For Excellence Award
  • Freedom™ TPO self-adhering roofing systems chosen Product Of The Year by Commercial Building Products magazine
  • Fireshield® brand roof restoration system named "Best Product" by the editors of Buildings magazine

Re-roofing - Tear off and Recovers

"" Re-roofing is the process of installing a new roof when a roofing system fails. Roofing system failures can be caused by a number of factors, including age, severe weather, poor workmanship, defective materials, improper specification of a roofing system, abuse and failure to maintain the roof via inspections.

Roof Repairs

"" Repair is a process where an existing roofing system has additions and adjustments made to it, such as caulking, re-roofing and repairing penetration to fix leaks in the roofing system.

We offer repairs for Homeowners, Real Estate Agents and Insurance claims.

Maintenance

"" Maintenance involves the physical inspection of an existing roofing system to determine it`s current condition, detect weakness and failures and identify any potential future problems. Through a program of regularly scheduled annual or semiannual inspections, the company`s technicians assist owner in protecting their roofing investments by seeking to identify damage in its early stages. Early detection of leaks and roof system failures make it possible for the company to repair and extend the life of a roof system, which is significantly less expensive and time consuming than re-roofing.

Roofing Inspections

"" This service provides a baseline examination of an existing roof condition.
Roofing System Solution

Leakage in Attic After Wind-Driven Rain
Possible cause: Leaky or inadequate shingle underlayment or deteriorated flashing  
Leakage in Attic After Ice Build-Up
Possible cause: Inadequate shingle underlayment allows water from ice dams to leak into attic
Blistering and/or peeling of interior and/or exterior paint
Possible cause: Excessive temperature or high humidity due to poor attic ventilation
Stains on Interior Ceilings and Walls or Mold and Mildew Growth
Possible cause: Inadequate or faulty shingle underlayment allowing leakage or inadequate ventilation
Exterior Decay, Sheathing, and/or Siding
Possible cause: Poor attic ventilation
Missing, Cracked or Curled Shingles
Possible cause: Shingles have reached the end of their useful life
Dark, "Dirty-Looking" Areas On Your Roof
Possible cause: Environmental pollutants; vegetation, fungus or algae; loss of granules due to age of shingles
Excessive Energy Costs
Possible cause: Insufficient attic ventilation causes heating/cooling system to run excessively

In warm weather, inadequate ventilation will trap hot air in the attic, causing air conditioning systems to work harder, or leaving your home's interior hotter and less comfortable.

Attic Ventilation: In both hot and cold weather, insufficient attic ventilation may cause moisture in the attic to become trapped and condense on the rafters. This condensed moisture can drip down onto the insulation and reduce its effectiveness.

Excessive energy costs can result.

Roofing Terms

A

Algae- Rooftop fungus that can leave dark stains on roofing.

Angled fasteners- Roofing nails and staples driven into decks at angles not parallel to the deck.

APA- American Plywood Association. Tests and sets standards for all varieties of plywoods used in the U.S.

Apron flashing- Metal flashing used at chimney fronts.

ARMA- Asphalt Roofing Manufacturer’s Association. Organization of roofing manufacturers.

Asphalt- A bituminous waterproofing agent used in various types of roofing materials.

Asphalt concrete primer- Asphalt based primer used to prepare concrete and metal for asphalt sealant.

Asphalt plastic cement- Asphalt based sealant material, meeting ASTM D4586 Type I or II. Used to seal and adhere roofing materials. Also called mastic, blackjack, roof tar, bull.

ASTM-The American Society for Testing and Materials. Organization that sets standards for a wide variety of materials, including roofing.


B

Back-surfacing- Granular material added to shingle’s back to assist in keeping separate during delivery and storage.

Blistering- Bubbles or pimples in roofing materials. Usually moisture related. In shingles blisters are either moisture under the material or moisture trapped inside the material.

Blow-offs- When shingles are subjected to high winds, and are forced off a roof deck.

Buckling- When a wrinkle or ripple affects shingles or their underlayments.


C

Closed-cut valley- A shingle valley installation method where one roof plane’s shingles completely cover the other’s. The top layer is cut to match the valley lines.

Cobra®- GAFMC’s respected brand name for ventilation products.

Corrosion- When rust, rot or age negatively affect roofing metals.

Counter-flashing-The metal or siding material that is installed over roof-top base flashing systems.

Country Mansion® & Country Estates™-GAFMC’s limited lifetime warranty shingle.

Crickets- A peaked water diverter installed behind chimneys and other large roof projections. Effectively diverts water around projections.

Cupping- When shingles are improperly installed over an existing roof or are over-exposed, they form a curl or cup.


D

Deck- The substrate over which roofing is applied. Usually plywood, wood boards, or planks.

Dormer- A raised roof extending out of a larger roof plane.

Drip-edge- An installed lip that keeps shingles up off of the deck at edges, and extends shingles out over eaves and gutters, and prevents water from backing up under shingles.

Dubl-Coverage® Mineral Guard- Roll roofing material with 19" selvage edge for double coverage over roof deck.


E

Eaves- The roof edge from the fascia to the structure’s outside wall. In general terms, the first three feet across a roof is termed the eave.

End-laps- When installing rolled products in roofing, the area where a roll ends on a roof, and is overlapped by the next section of rolled material. (underlayments, rolled roofing)

Exposure- The area on any roofing material that is left exposed to the elements.


F

Fasteners- Nails or staples used in securing roofing to the deck.

FHA-The Federal Housing Authority. Sets construction standards throughout the U.S.

Fiberglass mat- fibers condensed into strong, resilient mats for use in roofing materials.

Flange-Metal pan extending up or down a roof slope around flashing pieces. Usually at chimneys and plumbing vents

Flashing- Materials used to waterproof a roof around any projections through the roof deck.

Flashing cement- Sealant designed for use around flashing areas, typically thicker than plastic cement.


G

Gable roof- Traditional roof style; two peaked roof planes meeting at a ridge line of equal size.

GAFCant®- GAFMC cant strips for deflecting water away from flashing areas. Typically used on low slope roofs.

Golden Pledge®- GAFMC’s strongest limited warranty for shingles. America’s strongest steep slope warranty.

Grand Sequoia®- GAFMC shingle with wood shake appearance.

Grand Slate™- GAFMC shingle with slate appearance.

Granules- Crushed rock that is coated with a ceramic coating and fired, used as top surface on shingles.


H

Hand-sealing- The method to assure sealing of shingles on very steep slopes, in high wind areas, and when installing in cold weather.

High nailing- When shingles are nailed or fastened above the manufacturer’s specified nail location.

Hip legs- The down-slope ridges on hip roofs.

Hip roof- A roof with four roof planes coming together at a peak and four separate hip legs.


I

Ice Dam- When a snow load melts on a roof and re-freezes at the eave areas. Ice dams force water to "back-up" a roof and cause leakage.


L

"L" flashing- Continuous metal flashing consisting of several feet of metal. Used at horizontal walls, bent to resemble an "L".

Laminated shingles- Shingles made from two separate pieces that are laminated together. GAFMC Timberline® Series, Country Mansion® and Grand Sequoia® Shingles. Also called dimensional shingles and architectural shingles.

Laps- The area where roll roofing or rolled underlayments overlap one another during application (see also side laps and end laps).

Low slopes-Roof pitches less than 4/12 are considered low sloped roofs. Special installation practices must be used on roofs sloped 2/12-4/12.


M

Mansard- A roof design with a nearly vertical roof plane that ties into a roof plane of less slope at its peak.

Mats- The general term for the base material of shingles and certain rolled products.

Modified bitumen- Rolled roofing membrane with polymer modified asphalt and either polyester or fiberglass reinforcement.

Mortar- Mixture of sand, mortar, limestone and water used in bonding a chimney’s bricks together.


N

Nail-guide-line- Painted line on laminated shingles, to aid in the proper placement of fasteners.

Nail-pop- When a nail is not fully driven, it sits up off the roof deck.

Nesting- Installing a second layer of shingles aligning courses with the original roof to avoid shingle cupping.

NRCA- The National Roofing Contractors Association. Respected national organization of roofing contractors.


O

Open valley- Valley installation using metal down the valley center.

Organic mat- Material made from recycled wood pulp and paper.

Organic Shingles- Shingles made from organic (paper) mats.

OSB- Oriented Strand Board. A decking made from wood chips and lamination glues.

Over-driven- The term used for fasteners driven through roofing material with too much force, breaking the material.

Over-exposed- Installing shingle courses higher than their intended exposure.


P

Pitch-ratio of the rise of the roof to the span of the roof.

Power vents- Electrically powered fans used to move air from attics and structures.

Plastic cement- Asphalt based sealant. Also called bull, mastic, tar, asphalt cement.

Plumbing vents- Term used to describe plumbing pipes that project through a roof plane. Also called vent stacks.

Prevailing wind- The most common direction of wind for a particular region.


Q

Quarter sized- Term for the size of hand sealant dabs, size of a U.S. 25¢ piece.


R

Racking- Method of installing shingles in a straight up the roof manner.

Rake edge-The vertical edge of gable style roof planes.

Release film- The plastic sheet installed on the back of Weather Watch® and StormGuard® underlayments. Used for packaging and handling. Remove before installation.

Rigid vent- Hard plastic ridge vent material.

Roof louvers- Rooftop rectangular shaped roof vents. Also called box vents, mushroom vents, airhawks, soldier vents.

Roof plane- A roofing area defined by having four separate edges. One side of a gable, hip or mansard roof.


S

Sawteeth- The exposed section of double thickness on Timberline® Series shingles. Shaped to imitate wood shake look on the roof.

Self-sealant- Sealant installed on shingles. After installation, heat and sun will activate sealant to seal the shingles to each other.

Selvage- The non exposed area on rolled roofing. Area without granules. Designed for nail placement and sealant.

Shed roof- Roof design of a single roof plane. Area does not tie into any other roofs.

Shingle-Mate®- GAFMC’s shingle underlayment. Breather type with fiberglass backing to reduce wrinkles and buckles.

Side-laps- The area on rolled material where one roll overlaps the rolled material beneath it. Also called selvage edge on rolled roofing.

Side-walls- Where a vertical roof plane meets a vertical wall. The sides of dormers etc.

Soffit ventilation- Intake ventilation installed under the eaves, or at the roof edge.

Smart Choice® Limited Warranty- GAFMC’s standard shingle limited warranty.

Smart Choice® System Plus Limited Warranty- GAFMC’s next grade of enhanced warranty. Extended coverage for owners.

Starter strip- The first course of roofing installed. Usually trimmed from main roof material.

Steep slope roofing- Generally all slopes higher than 4/12 are considered steep slopes.

Step-flashing- Metal flashing pieces installed at side-walls and chimneys for weather-proofing.

StormGuard®- GAFMC waterproof underlayment. Film surfaced rolled underlayment, 1.5 squares coverage per roll.


T

Tab- The bottom portion of traditional shingle separated by the shingle cut-outs.

Tear-off- Removal of existing roofing materials down to the roof deck.

Telegraphing- When shingles reflect the uneven surface beneath them. Shingles installed over buckled shingles may show some buckles.

Timberline® Series- GAFMC’s trademark name for laminated wood shake style shingles.

TIMBERTEX®- GAFMC enhanced Hip and Ridge Shingles.

Transitions- When a roof plane ties into another roof plane that has a different pitch or slope.


U

Under-driven- Term used to describe a fastener not fully driven flush to the shingles surface.

Underlayments- Asphalt based rolled materials designed to be installed under main roofing material, to serve as added protection.


V

Valleys-Area where two adjoining sloped roof planes intersect on a roof creating a "V" shaped depression.

Vapor- Term used to describe moisture laden air.

Ventilation- The term used in roofing for the passage of air from an enclosed space.


W

Warm wall- The finished wall inside of a structure, used in roofing to determine how to install waterproof underlayments at eaves.

Warranty- The written promise to the owner of roofing materials for material related problems.

Waterproof underlayments- Modified bitumen based roofing underlayments. Designed to seal to wood decks and waterproof critical leak areas.

Weather Stopper® Integrated Roofing System™- GAFMC’s complete roofing system and components.

Weather Watch®- GAFMC’s granule surfaced waterproof underlayment.

Woven Valleys- The method of installing valleys by laying one shingle over the other up the valley center.